Parque da Gare at Passo Fundo by IDOM - Brazil
The Parque da Gare, created in the 80s, is located next to an old railway station. The derelict state it was in and the fact that it was located right in the centre of the city of Passo Fundo motivated the council to start a project for its comprehensive urban and landscape revitalization keeping some historical and natural aspects, but under a new design for the park and introducing new infrastructures. This would be the case of the farmer’s market, which would take over the one which had been running on the plot of the old station, a restaurant with an information desk included which would improve the role taken on by a small outdoor bar, a bathing and maintenance area and, lastly, a multipurpose library area located in the lowest part of the park, next to the lake, fully integrated into the design.
Designed by IDOM
Photography by Pau Iglesias
The urban area is designed so as to generate both areas for coexistence and contemplation. The urban intervention differentiates the inside of the park, where concrete is used for paving, from the outside, where regional stone is used, as in the rest of Passo Fundo. This creates a link between the city and the new park. Plus, several retaining walls, bridges, footbridges and buildings were erected in order to overcome some barriers, derived from the complex topography, and to organise the space. Along the paths, the different materials appear gradually: timber, cement…These spatially organise the park and its uses. Children’s games and pergolas are also incorporated.
The landscape design is based on using autochthonous species. The specimens are chosen according to their size, colour and the functions they’ll have to fulfil at each point, making it possible for there to be a shade control, and the results are in line with the spatial and aesthetic decisions made. The design of the urbanised area maintains that same purpose. Hence, beside the lake, small boulevards are lined with short trees, in a South-North arrangement, in order to reduce shade and increase the oxygenation of the water and colourful trees are placed to contribute a chromatic difference from the constant green. Given the high number of pre-existing trees, new specimens are planted in certain areas with the idea of generating a certain homogeneity and of organising the different zones. Lawn areas are also generated for the hosting of all sorts of activities.
The special division of the terrain into two levels in the lower part of the park also affects this project. In fact, the lower pavement is half buried. The lower part of the building is made of reinforced concrete. Given the slab that covers it (intermediate slab from the library), a uniquely shaped prism is developed with a metal structure and a masonry envelope that includes some glazed surfaces. The ground floor contains the functional core that concentrates the wet areas, with public toilets, the exterior staircase that leads up to the upper floor and the required infrastructure for the outfitting of a small restaurant. All these uses are concentrated next to the retaining wall, leaving a great sheltered area beside it which can host all sorts of events. The upper floor is organised as a multipurpose area, to be used as a digital library. It also includes a small toilets cluster and a reception, and entrances on either side. The idea is for it to be used in conjunction with the existing plaza on the upper level.